|Dublin Writers Museum|
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The idea of a Dublin Writers Museum was originated by the journalist and author Maurice Gorham (1902 - 1975), who proposed it to Dublin Tourism. It was to take some years before a suitable building and a sufficient level of funding became available. Opened in November 1991 at No 18, Parnell Square, the museum occupies an original eighteenth-century house, which accommodates the museum rooms, library, gallery and administration area. The annexe behind it has a bookshop on the ground floor and exhibition rooms on the floor above. The Irish Writers' Centre, next door in No 19, contains the meeting rooms and offices of the Irish Writers' Union, the Society of Irish Playwrights, the Irish Children's Book Trust and the Translators' Association of Ireland. The basement beneath both houses is occupied by the Chapter One restaurant.
The Museum was established to promote interest, through its collection, displays and activities, in Irish literature as a whole and in the lives and works of individual Irish writers. Through its association with the Irish Writers' Centre it provides a link with living writers and the international literary scene. On a national level it acts as a centre, simultaneously pulling together the strands of Irish literature and complementing the smaller, more detailed museums devoted to individuals like Joyce, Shaw, Yeats and Pearse. It functions as a place where people can come from Dublin, Ireland and abroad to experience the phenomenon of Irish writing both as history and as actuality.
The writers featured in the Museum are those who have made an important contribution to Irish or international literature or, on a local level, to the literature of Dublin. It is a view of Irish literature from a Dublin perspective.
In the two Museum Rooms is presented a history of Irish literature from its beginnings up to recent times. The panels describe the various phases, movements and notable names, while the showcases and pictures illustrate the lives and works of individual writers. Room 1 takes the story through to the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the Literary Revival. Room 2 is entirely devoted to the great writers of the twentieth century. Living writers, even those who have already established their place in history, are not included in the display.
At the top of the grand staircase is the Gorham Library with its Stapleton ceiling. Here is kept the Museum's reserve of books, including rare and first editions and critical works. There are also displays of volumes from special collections.
Next to the Library is the salon, known as The Gallery of Writers. This splendidly decorated room, with its portraits and busts of Irish writers, is used for receptions, exhibitions and special occasions.
On the ground floor is a corridor leading to the annexe, with the Bookshop at the back. The stairs lead up to the Exhibition Room on the first floor, where temporary exhibitions are mounted, and Seomra na nÓg, the adjoining room which is devoted to children's literature. Portraits and other pictures are displayed on walls throughout the annexe.
The Museum Collection is as fascinating as it is various. As might be expected, there are plenty of books, representing the milestones in the progress of Irish literature from Gulliver's Travels to Dracula, The Importance of Being Earnest, Ulysses and Waiting for Godot. Most of these are first or early editions, recapturing the moment when they first surprised the world. There are books inscribed to Oliver Gogarty by W.B. Yeats and to Brinsley MacNamara by James Joyce, while a first edition of Patrick Kavanagh's 'The Great Hunger' includes in the poet's own hand a stanza which the prudish publisher declined to print.
Portraits of Irish writers are everywhere, including fine originals by artists such as Edward McGuire, Harry Kernoff, Patrick Swift and Micheal Farrell. Among the many letters are an abject note from Sheridan to a creditor, a signed refusal from Bernard Shaw to provide an autograph, a typically concise card from Samuel Beckett and Brendan Behan's postcard from Los Angeles ('Great spot for a quiet piss-up').
Among the pens, pipes and typewriters there are some particularly curious personal possessions - Lady Gregory's lorgnette, Austin Clarke's desk, Samuel Beckett's telephone, Mary Lavin's teddy bear, Oliver Gogarty's laurels and Brendan Behan's union card, complete with fingerprints - and such exotic intrusions as Handel's chair, used at the opening night of The Messiah.
The Museum acknowledges the generosity of many institutions
and private individuals who have lent or given material for display or
for reproduction. Support by the public in the form of gifts, loans or
sponsorship will enable the collection to grow to the extent where displays
can be rotated, material lent out for exhibitions in other venues, and
sufficient resources accumulated to supply information on all aspects
of Irish literature. While the Museum does not guarantee to accept or
display everything that it is offered, it welcomes any contribution which
helps it to achieve its aim.